Friday, June 27, 2014

Grounded (again): Russian Angara Rocket Launch Fails At Last Minute, For Reasons Unknown - Spacy News

angara space rocket complex

Russia Abruptly Cancels Rocket Launch - NYT

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MOSCOW — The long-awaited inaugural launch of a new Russian space rocket, the Angara, was abruptly canceled on Friday just minutes before takeoff, the Russian space agency Roscosmos reported.
The decision to abandon the high-profile launch prompted President Vladimir V. Putin to order that officials provide an explanation.
The launch, from the Plesetsk Cosmodrome in northern Russia, was canceled after an automatic “abort” system was triggered for an unknown reason, officials said.
Roscosmos tentatively rescheduled the launch for Saturday afternoon, suggesting, at least preliminarily, that the problem was not serious.
The Angara rocket has been in development for more than 20 years, since shortly after the collapse of the Soviet Union. It is intended to become the primary vehicle for Russia’s unmanned space missions and to secure the independence of the Russian space program.
The rocket has some crucial benefits for Russia. It can be launched from Plesetsk, rather than the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan, which Russia uses under a long-term lease agreement with its southern neighbor. The Angara is also manufactured entirely by Russia, potentially reducing its reliance on foreign rocket technology, especially from Ukraine.
The conflict with Ukraine has underscored the need for Russia to produce its own rockets, some Russian officials have said. At the same time, the United States is entirely dependent on Russia for its manned space program, including trips to the International Space Station.
Russia’s space program has suffered several humiliating failures in recent years, many involving the existing generation of Proton-M rockets. In the latest setback, a Proton-M carrying a sophisticated communications satellite crashed last month shortly after takeoff from Baikonur, apparently as a result of engine failure.

Angara (rocket family) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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The Angara rocket family is a family of space-launch vehicles being developed by the Moscow-basedKhrunichev State Research and Production Space Center. The rockets, which are to provide lifting capabilities between 2,000 and 40,500 kg into low earth orbit, are intended to become the mainstay of the Russian unmanned launcher fleet in the future and replace several existing systems.


The main purpose of the Angara rocket family is to secure Russia's independent access to space. Angara will reduce Russia's dependency on the Baikonur Cosmodrome, located in the independent republic of Kazakhstan, and will allow Russia to phase out foreign — mostly Ukrainian — rocket technology.[1] Environmental issues have also played an important part in the development.[1]Angara will use fuel based on kerosene and liquid oxygen as the oxidant, as it has been traditional rocket fuel configuration used in first soviet and subsequently in russian rocket launchers.[2]
Rockets belonging to the family are intended to replace several existing launch vehicles. The light Angara 1.1 and 1.2 versions will replace the Kosmos-3MTsyklon and Rockot launchers;[1] Angara 3 will replace the Ukrainian Zenit, and Angara 5 will replace the heavy-lift Proton.[3] The Angara 5 version is expected to be most in demand, since this is the main version required by the Russian Ministry of Defence.[1]
Khrunichev has also been developing a super-heavy-lift version (Angara 7), which is capable of orbiting payload of between 45 and 75 tons, and for which there is no equivalent in Russia's current rocket fleet. However, currently the development of Angara 7 is not receiving government funding. In addition, Khrunichev has offered to build a version capable of launching manned spacecraft: Angara 5P.[1]

The Angara family of launch vehicles.
All Angara launch vehicles have a modular design with each module based on a common Universal Rocket Module (URM). Depending on configuration, liquid rocket boosters are added to the first stage, which then will consist of 1, 3, 5 or 7 such modules.[4] The design is similar to the Evolved Expendable Launch Vehicle or the Falcon Heavy launch vehicle. The Angara rocket will use the same URMs for all modules (similar to the Falcon Heavy), and not solid rocket boosters (SRB) like the EELV.
The URM is a unitary structure that includes an oxidizer tank, a fuel tank (both tanks being coupled by a spacer) and a propulsion bay. Each URM will have one single-chamber RD-191 engine, using liquid oxygen and RP-1 as fuel. The RD-191 design is based on the RD-170 four-chamber engine used by the Energia launcher, as well as on the RD-171, which is currently used by the Zenit rocket.[3][5]
The second stage will be either a Briz-KM (Angara 1.1) or Block I (also called URM-2), which is powered by the RD-0124A engine developed by the KB Khimavtomatika.[6] Angara 5 will use either the Briz-M upper stage (currently used for the Proton-M rocket), or KVRB.[5] Most versions are intended for unmanned launches, but Angara A5P and Angara A7P are being designed to be capable of launching manned spacecraft.
A single launch pad can be used for launching all Angara versions except Angara A7.[5]

Launch facilities[edit]

The rockets will be launched from the Plesetsk Cosmodrome, and the Vostochny Cosmodrome (under construction), both in Russia. Russia hopes to reduce its dependence on Kazakhstan for the use of the Baikonur Cosmodrome, the location from which many of the current generation of Russian rockets are launched.[5] Under the Baiterek program with Kazakhstan, commercial launches of Angara A5 may also take place from Baikonur Cosmodrome.[1] In 2009, it was reported that a shortage of funds for construction of the Plesetsk launch pad was the main obstacle in Angara's development.[7]

Production and marketing[edit]

The serial production of the Universal Rocket Modules and the Briz-M upper stages will take place at the Khrunichev subsidiary Production Corporation Polyot in Omsk. In 2009, Polyot invested over 771.4 million RUB (about $25 million) in Angara production lines.[1] Design and testing of the RD-191 engine is done by NPO Energomash, while its mass production will take place at the company Proton-PM in Perm.[1]
All Angara versions will be marketed for commercial launches, with the price for an Angara 1.1 launch estimated to be about $20 million.[3]
The Angara 1.1 version was expected to be completed first; its first launch was scheduled to take place in 2013[8] from the Plesetsk Cosmodrome.[9] This version of the rocket was cancelled.[10]
The Angara 1.2 prototype is scheduled to launch in 2014.

Derivative projects[edit]

The South Korean launch vehicle Naro-1 uses Angara's URM (fitted with a lower-thrust version of the RD-191 engine called RD-151) as its first stage.
The vehicle made its maiden flight on 25 August 2009. The flight was not successful since the payload fairing on the Korean-built second stage failed to separate; however, according to Khrunichev, the first stage performed flawlessly.
A second launch on 10 June 2010 ended in failure, when contact with the rocket was lost. The Joint Failure Review Board failed to come to a consensus on the cause of the failure. A new team consisting of 30 neutral experts is being formed to investigate the cause of the failure.[11]
The third flight on 30 January 2013 successfully reached orbit.
Together with NPO Molniya, Khrunichev is also developing the reusable Baikal launch vehicle, based on Angara's URM. The vehicle consists of one URM fitted with a wing, an empennage, a landing gear, a return flight engine and attitude control thrusters, to enable the rocket to return to an airfield after completing its mission.[12]


VersionAngara 1.1Angara 1.2Angara A3Angara A5PAngara A5Angara A5/KVRBAngara A7PAngara A7V
First stage1xURM,RD-1911xURM, RD-1913xURM, RD-1915xURM, RD-1915xURM, RD-1915xURM, RD-1917xURM, RD-1917xURM, RD-191
Second stageBriz-KMBlock I,RD-0124ABlock I, RD-0124ABlock I, RD-0124ABlock I, RD-0124A
Third stage (not used for LEO)Briz-M/KVSK[13]Briz-M/KVTK[13]KVRBKVTK-A7[13]KVTK-A7[13]
Thrust (at ground)196 Mgf(1.92 MN)196 Mgf (1.92 MN)588 Mgf (5.77 MN)980 Mgf (9.61 MN)980 Mgf (9.61 MN)980 Mgf (9.61 MN)1,372 Mgf (13.44 MN)1,372 Mgf (13.44 MN)
Launch weight149 t171.5 t478 t713 t759 t776 t1,125 t1,184 t
Height (maximal)34.9 m41.5 m45.8 m ?55.4 m64 m ? ?
Payload (LEO200 km)2.0 t3.7 t14.6 t18.0 t24.5 t28.5 t36.0 t40.5 t
Payload (GTO)2.4/3.7 t5.4/7.3 t ? ?
Payload (GEO)1.0/2.0 t2.9/4.5 t5.7 t7.5 t9 t

Development history[edit]

On August 26, 1995 the government of Russia adopted a resolution to develop the Angara launcher system.[14]
On December 12, 2007 Krunichev announced that at NPO Energomash, engineers had successfully tested flight hydraulics and steering actuators for the first stage under near-flight conditions.[14]
In cooperation with Salyut Design Bureau, Khrunichev designed a reusable flyback Baikal booster rocket, to serve as a first stage in the Angara family.[15]
On April 14, 2008, Rian news agency reported that the Flight tests of a new-generation Russian space launch vehicle will start in 2010, the director of the Khrunichev State Research and Production Center said on Monday.
On September 5, 2008, the creator of the RD-191 engine, NPO Energomash, reported that the engine has completed full cycle of development and burn tests and is ready for manufacturing and delivery.[16]
On January 10, 2009, the first completed URM was delivered to the proving grounds. Cold and burn tests were planned to be performed in the first half of 2009.[17]
On April 29, 2009 the first series of cold tests has been performed. The URM was filled with nearly 100 tonnes of liquefied oxygen to check functioning of hydraulic and pneumatic pumping systems.
On June 18, 2009, both fuel components were used for tests.
On July 30, 2009, the burn tests of the first URM equipped with RD-151 engine were performed.[18]
On August 25, 2009 South Korea launched its Naro-1 rocket, with URM/RD-151 making up the first stage.[19] With height of 30 m and weight of 140 tonnes Naro-1 is similar to Angara 1.1 configuration. The launch marked the first flight test of the URM, which successfully propelled the rocket to altitude of 196 km, where the first stage separated. However, the fairing on the Korean-built second stage failed to separate, and the satellite did not reach the correct orbit.[20][21]
On December 5, 2009 Roscosmos announced the completion of engine trials, but that the first test flight of the Angara would be postponed from 2011 to 2012 due to lack of funding.[22] The Khrunichev center has asked the government to allocate an additional 10 billion rubles (about $290 million) over the next three years to finish the development of the rocket.
On January 13, 2010 Vladimir Nesterov, Director-General of Khrunichev, announced that his company had received the required funding, and the first flight test of Angara is now scheduled for 2013. All program tasks in 2010 were completed successfully.[8]
On May 25, 2011 interdepartmental committee (IDC), formed by a joint decision of the Space Forces of the Ministry of Defence and the Federal Space Agency, signed the Act IAC, which stated that theRD-191 engine has successfully completed ground tests stage and is suitable for use in a family of launch vehicles "Angara"[23]
On April 20, 2012 ship Repair Center "Zvezdochka" successfully completed factory testing of the first - class light unit weight 197 tonnes, of the two transport-erector for launching sites "Angara". Equipment is designed for the transportation and installation of missiles light and heavy at the start.[24]
On October 25, 2012, completed transcripts tested structural elements of the launch vehicle "Angara". According to the FSUE Khrunichev. 23 October 2012, the PCF "SIC RCP" (p. Remmash) successfully completed tests on transcripts strength structural elements promising launch vehicle (LV) "Angara" (product A5A2S - build number A13) manufacturing FSUE " name Khrunichev. " Purpose of the test build number A13 was to confirm the strength of the accelerator sections III stage of the launch, as well as the design of individual units "Angara" 3A and 5A.
In May 2013 the first prototype Angara rocket arrived in Plesetsk – at that time the date for the first launch had slipped to May 2014. The rocket – a version of the Angara-1.2 configuration – was custom-built for the first launch. In November 2013 the rocket was rolled out and installed on the launch pad for the first time. It was a fully operational rocket but intended for ground testing only, not for launching.[25]
On February 2014 a spokesman of the Russian Aerospace Defence Forces announced that mockup of Russia’s new Angara carrier rocket was taken out of the assembly shop at the Plesetsk Cosmodrome and installed in the launch pad area.[26]
On June 4, 2014 Roscosmos announced that the first launch of the Angara rocket will take place on June 25, 2014 from the Plesetsk Cosmodrome.[27]

See also[edit]

Comparable rockets[edit]


External links[edit]

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angara space rocket complex - Google Search

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  • State Commission authorizes flight tests of Angara Space Rocket ...

    Space Fellowship-Jun 23, 2014Share
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    Flight testing of the Angara Space Rocket Complex (SRC) begins at the MoD State Testing Cosmodrome (Plesetsk Cosmodrome) in the ...

  • Russian Angara Rocket Launch Fails At Last Minute, For Reasons ...

    RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty-2 hours agoShare
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    The inaugural test launch of Russia's Angara rocket -- its first new design ... The launch, from Russia's northern space complex of Plesetsk, has ...
    Angara rocket's maiden flight delayed 24 hours
    <a href="" rel="nofollow"></a>-3 hours ago
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  • Modernization of Zenit launching site in Kazakhstan - Russia ...

    Tengrinews-Jun 25, 2014Share
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    “We would like to replace it [Proton] with Zenit rocket launcher. ... and the country entering the world commercial [space] launches market. ... sides agreed to create Baiterek launching complex for Russian-made Angara rocket.

  • Russia to cease leasing Zenit-M launching site at Kazakhstan's ...

    Tengrinews-Jun 24, 2014Share
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    Zenit-M rocket launching complex will become Kazakhstan's ... a plan to build a launch pad for Angarabooster in a different space center ...

  • Hundreds of students get a unique stake in Russia's space dream

    The Siberian Times-Jun 24, 2014Share
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    It will act as a launch pad, hosting the country's new Angara rocket, ... but the immense space complex project is seen as ideal for a comback.
  • Angara carrier rocket scheduled to go into space on June 25

    ITAR-TASS-Jun 4, 2014Share
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    The Angara carrier rocket has been scheduled to go into space on June 25, Deputy ... A final report confirming the readiness of the space complex for launching ...
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    angara space rocket complex - Google Search

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  • Angara (rocket family) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

    The Angara rocket family is a family of space-launch vehicles being developed by the Moscow-based Khrunichev State Research and Production Space Center.
  • The Angara family of launch vehicles - Russian Space Web

    <a href="http://www.russian" rel="nofollow">www.russian</a>

    The history of the Angara family of rockets by Anatoly Zak. ... build the primary launch complex for theAngara rocket in Plesetsk, at the site originally intended for ...
  • On progress in creating the Angara space rocket complex ...

    Feb 19, 2014 - Dmitry Medvedev: Angara space rocket complex guarantees our defence capability and security, peaceful space exploration and Russia's ...
  • First Angara Rocket on Pad for Friday Test Launch at ...

    <a href="" rel="nofollow"></a>angara-rocket-pad-friday-test-launch/

    2 days ago - Space Tourism … and Much More. ... begins the flight tests of launch vehicles belonging to the latest Russian space rocket complexAngara.
  • Angara

    <a href="" rel="nofollow"></a>angara/

    Angara space rocket complex is designed for preparation and launches of spacecrafts with the help of perspective launch vehicles (LV) by class of Angara.
  • Center for Operation of Space Ground-Based Infrastructure ...

    <a href="" rel="nofollow"></a>space_agency/?ELEMENT_ID...

    Apr 8, 2014 - Testing of fuelling system of Angara-1.2 light-class carrier rocket begins at Plesetsk Cosmodrome At the launch complex of Angara space ...

    • {"os":"33KB","ou":"","rh":"","ow":200,"th":90,"id":"AKGHKYc592723M:","tu":"\u003dtbn:ANd9GcTNIWwAbj_ugyHtRr4TaUmfJ8RyAOeoRKX0XCq_Luv9H2P8bEgbiM7qQQ","s":"Center for Operation of \u003cb\u003eSpace\u003c\/b\u003e Ground-Based Infrastructure \u003cb\u003e...\u003c\/b\u003e","tw":80,"pt":"Center for Operation of Space Ground-Based Infrastructure ...","rt":0,"ru":"","oh":224}
    • {"os":"128KB","cb":3,"ou":"","rh":"","ow":1024,"th":90,"id":"nPIYVlkrGULFzM:","tu":"\u003dtbn:ANd9GcTs1f1xYzF3lJwWV-vFcGmCyVsEOxbqNfuyUzTGgDIUzwYLHxVbcDJSpI8i","s":"On progress in creating the \u003cb\u003eAngara space rocket complex\u003c\/b\u003e \u003cb\u003e...\u003c\/b\u003e","tw":160,"pt":"On progress in creating the Angara space rocket complex ...","rt":0,"ru":"","oh":576}
    • {"os":"35KB","ou":"","rh":"","ow":200,"ct":3,"th":90,"id":"Yvwq5n0c4G7UaM:","cr":12,"tu":"\u003dtbn:ANd9GcTIjD20X4QDefa46rDPe9VtpoZbYFx72Q_xTccNfjHX5O50HjotRGF_Xw","s":"Center for Operation of \u003cb\u003eSpace\u003c\/b\u003e Ground-Based Infrastructure \u003cb\u003e...\u003c\/b\u003e","tw":120,"pt":"Center for Operation of Space Ground-Based Infrastructure ...","rt":0,"ru":"","oh":150}
    • {"os":"111KB","ou":"","rh":"","ow":1024,"th":90,"id":"bC-Eerg_sTjgUM:","cr":9,"tu":"\u003dtbn:ANd9GcTE2fdF9pWWiz3n9NIeOqVK3gOBmpRdaAI0GMkad9Up4fQG8opFLTP5qck","s":"On progress in creating the \u003cb\u003eAngara space rocket complex\u003c\/b\u003e \u003cb\u003e...\u003c\/b\u003e","tw":160,"pt":"On progress in creating the Angara space rocket complex ...","rt":0,"ru":"","oh":576}
    • {"os":"47KB","ou":"","rh":"","ow":656,"th":90,"id":"yuAeXcPX7pT4_M:","tu":"\u003dtbn:ANd9GcQqFAKw9pjxEg3ahyue6vQ8oUlVuVgwfQ255y50z8C0EyorPWsfeUJ0d721","s":"On progress in creating the \u003cb\u003eAngara space rocket complex\u003c\/b\u003e \u003cb\u003e...\u003c\/b\u003e","tw":160,"pt":"On progress in creating the Angara space rocket complex ...","rt":0,"ru":"","oh":369}
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    Russian Angara Rocket Launch Fails At Last Minute, For Reasons Unknown

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    The inaugural test launch of Russia's Angara rocket -- its first new design of a space vehicle since the Soviet era -- was canceled on June 27 minutes before blastoff.
    According to officials, the automatic abort system was triggered and the launch was halted. No reason was given for the failure.
    The launch, from Russia's northern space complex of Plesetsk, has been delayed until at least June 28.
    Russian President Vladimir Putin, who was observing the launch by video link, gave officials one hour to study the situation and provide the reason for the failure.
    The Angara is the first rocket entirely designed and built within post-Soviet Russia's borders.
    It is designed to decrease Russia's dependency on the Soviet-era Baikonur space complex in Kazakhstan and to phase out foreign, mostly Ukrainian, rocket technology.
    Based on reporting buy Interfax, RIA Novosti, Reuters, and ITAR-TASS

    Russian Rocket Launch Aborted Due To ‘Technical Issues’

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    Russia has postponed Friday’s historic test launch of an Angara space rocket, Russia Today reports. The second attempt will take place Saturday.
    The Defense Ministry said the launch was automatically stopped just moments before countdown. Reports from Russian space agency Roscosmos claim “technical issues” are to blame for the scrapped launch.
    Russian President Vladimir Putin, who had been due to watch the launch from the Kremlin via video link, reportedly told Defense Minister Sergey Shoigu: “Carefully analyze everything and report to me after an hour.” So far, no further details of the failure have emerged.
    The Angara rocket, which has been in development since 1994, is Russia’s first new rocket design since the fall of the U.S.S.R. The program has already cost Russia over 100 billion rubles, or $3 billion.
    Russia hopes the Angara rocket could revitalize Russia’s once-pioneering space industry, which has suffered several funding cuts.
    The rocket was due to be launched from a base in Mirny, 500 miles north of Moscow. From there it would have traveled to a new spaceport in Kamchatka, a peninsula in Russia’s Far East, reaching it in an estimated 21 minutes.