Saturday, September 6, 2014

Ukraine hostage exchange likely on Saturday - YouTube

Ukraine hostage exchange likely on Saturday - YouTube

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Published on Sep 6, 2014
Kyiv officials and pro-Russian rebels are expected to swap hostages on Saturday following a ceasefire deal that could end five months of bloodshed in eastern Ukraine.

After around 2,600 deaths from the fighting, President Petro Poroshenko said both sides must do everything possible to "put an end to people's suffering".

"This ceasefire is based on the agreement which was reached during my phone conversations with Russian President Putin. That's why I think that this is very important that stab…
READ MORE : http://www.euronews.com/2014/09/06/uk...

Stoltenberg ready for NATO top job as Rasmussen bids farewell - YouTube

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Published on Sep 5, 2014
Outgoing NATO General Secretary Anders Fogh Rasmussen introduced the new alliance chief, former Norwegian Prime Minister Jens Stoltenberg, as the summit in Wales reached its conclusion.

Stoltenberg takes up office on October 1 at a crucial time as the crisis in Ukraine continues to threaten Europe.

Stoltenberg, commenting on current relations with Russia said it is "a brutal reminder of how important NATO is."

Jens Stoltenberg came to global attention with his dignified response to the slau…
READ MORE : http://www.euronews.com/2014/09/05/st...
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NATO cautious welcome for Ukraine ceasefire - YouTube

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Published on Sep 5, 2014
It was billed as one of the most important NATO summits in recent years and on the second and final day the delegates in Wales presented a united front in the face of what they see as Russian aggression. But it was also a day on which a ceasefire was brokered between the Ukrainian government and pro-Russian rebels.

"I would welcome of course if the new announcement of a ceasefire represents a sincere attempt to stop the violence and initiate a constructive political process," said NATO Secreta…
READ MORE : http://www.euronews.com/2014/09/05/na...

Послы Евросоюза одобрили новый пакет санкций против России - Газета.Ru

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СЕГОДНЯ

Послы Евросоюза одобрили новый пакет санкций против России
Газета.Ru
Послы Евросоюза одобрили новый пакет санкций в отношении России. Меры по введению новых санкций будут приняты в понедельник. Об этом сообщает Reuters со ссылкой на дипломатический источник. Тем не менее, по словам источника, действие санкций может быть ...
Италия продаст Украине 90 бронемашинMIGnews.com.ua
Италия продаст Украине 90 бронемашин и окажет финансовую помощьГлавред
СМИ: Италия продаст Украине 90 бронемашинУНИАН
Тушите свет -Информационный портал Банки.ру
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Самолет из США с потерявшим сознание пилотом проследовал в сторону Кубы - РБК

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Lenta.ru

Самолет из США с потерявшим сознание пилотом проследовал в сторону Кубы
РБК
РБК 05.09.2014, Москва 22:26:46 Два американских истребителя были подняты в районе штата Флорида на сопровождение легкого самолета, пилот которого по неизвестной причине не выходит на связь. Об этом сообщает пресс-служба NORAD. Самолет Socata TBM-700 вылетел из ...
Американский самолет потерпел крушение недалеко от ЯмайкиКоммерсантъ
У берегов Ямайки разбился потерявший управление самолетLenta.ru
Неуправляемый американский самолет пересек Кубу и разбился у ЯмайкиНТВ.ru
Газета.Ru -Комсомольская правда -Российская Газета
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Эштон: ЕС приветствует достигнутую договоренность о перемирии на Украине - Коммерсантъ

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Диалог.UA - Всегда два мнения

Эштон: ЕС приветствует достигнутую договоренность о перемирии на Украине
Коммерсантъ
Евросоюз приветствует соглашение о прекращении огня, достигнутое в Минске, и надеется, что оно станет первым шагом к политическому решению кризиса, сообщает 6 сентября «РИА Новости» со ссылкой на заявление официального представителя главы дипломатии ЕС Кэтрин ...
ЕС: прекращение огня на Украине поспособствует решению кризисаРИА Новости
Эштон: мониторинг границы Украины и России должен стать частью решенияГазета.Ru
Евросоюз приветствует перемирие в ДонбассеГоворит Москва
Взгляд -Диалог.UA - Всегда два мнения
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Russia Detains Estonian Officer, Raising Tensions

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Estonia accused Russia of kidnapping an intelligence officer, while Moscow suggested he was a spy, heightening tensions already strained over Ukraine.






'No boots on the ground as we battle Isis': Pledge from Kerry as he calls for Britain and other Nato countries to commit to air strikes

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U.S. Secretary of State made the announcement as Nato's military alliance summit in South Wales entered its second day of talks, where the issue of airstrikes on the IS insurgents in the war-torn country is top of the agenda.

EU Holds Off Sanctions Against Russia Pending Ukraine Cease-Fire 

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The European Union is set to agree new economic sanctions against Russia on Friday but will wait before implementing them to give Moscow time to show if it is respecting a proposed сеаsе-fire in Ukraine.

НАТО создает силы быстрого реагирования со штабом в Польше - Вести.Ru

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Зеркало недели

НАТО создает силы быстрого реагирования со штабом в Польше
Вести.Ru
НАТО примет сегодня решение о создании "сил реагирования со штабом в Польше и передовыми подразделениями в Восточной Европе". Великобритания уже пообещала выделить для них 3,5 тысячи военных. Об этом заявил премьер Великобритании Дэвид Кэмерон, открывая второй ...
Дэвид Кэмерон выразил надежду, что штаб-квартира новых сил быстрого реагирования НАТО будет расположена в ПольшеКоммерсантъ
Кэмерон решил предоставить для группы быстрого реагирования НАТО 3,5 тыс. человекВзгляд
Великобритания отказалась платить выкуп за заложника в ИракеПолит.ру

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Худой Минский мир лучше войны России с Украиной?

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Перспективы мирного урегулирования, что могут принести России и Украине переговоры о перемирии в прямом...
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Page 3

Новый посол США в Москве заявил, что очень рад вернуться в Россию - РИА Новости

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РИА Новости

Новый посол США в Москве заявил, что очень рад вернуться в Россию
РИА Новости
Место посла США в России было вакантно с февраля текущего года, после того, как этот пост оставил Майкл Макфол. Президент США Барак Обама предложил кандидатуру Теффта 11 июля, после того, как был получен агреман на его назначение от России. МОСКВА, 5 сен — РИА ...
Нового посла США в России примут в МИД РФ на следующей неделеКоммерсантъ
Новый посол США в России приехал в МосквуBFM.Ru
Посол США Джон Теффт заявил, что рад вернуться РоссиюРоссийская Газета
НТВ.ru -Вести.Ru -Комсомольская правда
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Russia Plans New Fines That Could Bankrupt Mass Media

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Media outlets that are deemed to promote extremism, violence, terrorism or pornography could soon be hit with heavy fines in line with a draft bill that journalists fear may bankrupt many Russian publications.

Красногоровка: жизнь после "ДНР" 

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Около четырех недель шли бои за город Красногоровка в Донецкой области. Город освободили от сепаратистов,...
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Ukraine crisis: Nato agrees major troop deployment to guard against Russian aggression

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A 4,000-strong Nato rapid reaction force – initially including 1,000 British troops – is to be established in response to Russian aggression in Ukraine, it has been announced.

Ukraine crisis: Government and pro-Russian rebels sign ceasefire agreement

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The Ukrainian Government and pro-Russian rebels have signed a ceasefire agreement hoped to signal the end of the conflict that has killed more than 2,600 people.

Меркель: санкции ЕС отложат в случае деэскалации кризиса на Украине - Газета.Ru

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Меркель: санкции ЕС отложат в случае деэскалации кризиса на Украине
Газета.Ru
Канцлера Германии Ангела Меркель заявила о том, что введение новых санкций Евросоюзом против России отложат в случае, если будет виден прогресс по деэскалации кризиса на Украине, передает Reuters. Еврокомиссия ранее заявила о том, что ЕС примет решение по санкциям с ...
Ангела Меркель: «Санкции против РФ могут быть отложены, если на Украине будет отмечена деэскалация»Комсомольская правда
Меркель: Новые санкции против России могут быть отложеныВзгляд
Меркель угрожает России санкциями и выступает за сотрудничество между Украиной и НАТОГлавред
Vlasti.NET -Полит.ру -Диалог.UA - Всегда два мнения
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Page 4

Ukraine ceasefire 'agreed for east of country' at Minsk peace talks 

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News reports say ceasefire due to come into effect at 1600 GMT, although there was fighting on ground near port city of Mariupol
A ceasefire for east Ukraine has been agreed during talks in Minsk between Ukrainian government representatives and separatist leaders, according to news reports from the Belarusian capital.
The agreement came shortly after loud booms of artillery were audible in the city of Mariupol, which Kiev's forces are defending against a possible rebel onslaught. Former Ukrainian president Leonid Kuchma began talks at a hotel in Minsk on Friday with leaders from the self-proclaimed Donetsk and Luhansk "republics", in the presence of officials from Russia and the Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE).
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Подписан протокол о прекращении огня на Донбассе - Российская Газета

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Новости России

Подписан протокол о прекращении огня на Донбассе
Российская Газета
Соответствующий протокол был подписан сегодня на заседании контактной группы, в которую входят представители Украины, самопровозглашенных Донецкой и Луганской народных республик при участии наблюдателей от ОБСЕ. Боевые действия должны прекратиться с 19.00 по ...
Источники: представители Киева и ополчения подписали протокол о прекращении огняРБК
Киев подтвердил подписание протокола о прекращении огня на УкраинеНефть России
Подписан протокол о прекращении огня на юго-востоке Украиныthe-village
Новости России -Российский Диалог -Общероссийская общественно-политическая электронная газета The
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David Cameron presses for Nato force in eastern Europe video

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Opening the second day of the Nato summit in Newport, the prime minister says he hopes to agree on a 'multinational spearhead force' with its headquarters in Poland and units in the Baltic states. Cameron says Nato member states 'face new and evolving dangers' from Russia and Islamic State (Isis)Continue reading...

Obama and Cameron Call on NATO to Confront ISIS

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CARDIFF, Wales — President Obama and Prime Minister David Cameron of Britain have called on NATO to reject “isolationist” impulses and confront the rising terrorist threat posed by Sunni militants in the Middle East, saying the United States and Britain “will not be cowed by barbaric killers.”
“We will not waver in our determination to confront” the militant group known as the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria, or ISIS, the two leaders wrote in a joint opinion piece published in Thursday’s editions of The Times of London. “If terrorists think we will weaken in the face of their threats they could not be more wrong.”
Their pointed words came as leaders gathered in Wales for a NATO summit meeting that was intended to focus on responding to Russia’s escalating military intervention in Ukraine. On the sidelines of the meeting, however, American and British efforts to assemble and lead an international coalition against ISIS are expected to predominate.
“The international community as a whole has an obligation to stop the Islamic State from advancing further,” Anders Fogh Rasmussen, the NATO secretary general, said at a news conference on Thursday. But he noted that there had been no request from Iraq for NATO assistance in confronting the group.
Mr. Obama and the leaders of Britain, France, Germany and Italy will meet with President Petro O. Poroshenko of Ukraine to discuss the crisis in his country, which will also be the topic of an afternoon meeting where allies will consider sending additional assistance to Kiev.
Before they met, the Russian foreign minister, Sergey V. Lavrov, warned that Ukraine’s efforts to form an alliance with NATO threatened to short-circuit talks to end the fighting between pro-Russian separatists and government forces in eastern Ukraine.
Mr. Lavrov, in televised remarks in Moscow, said that discussions between top Ukrainian officials and NATO leaders were “a blatant attempt to derail all the efforts” to reach a negotiated settlement in Ukraine, The Associated Press reported.
NATO leaders will also discuss winding down the alliance’s combat mission in Afghanistan at the end of the year and shifting it to a training and assistance mission, although details of the transition cannot be finalized until Afghans resolve a disputed presidential election.
In their joint editorial, Mr. Obama and Mr. Cameron argued that ISIS is as immediate a threat to the security of NATO members as is the behavior of Russia, which they wrote had “ripped up the rule book” by annexing Crimea and sending its troops into Ukraine. Russia has denied any military involvement in Ukraine.
“Whether it is regional aggression going unchecked or the prospect that foreign fighters could return from Iraq and Syria to pose a threat in our countries, the problems we face today threaten the security of British and American people, and the wider world,” they wrote.
Mr. Obama and Mr. Cameron argued that NATO must transition to a “more effective security network that fosters stability around the world,” urging member nations to bolster military spending.
They also called for keeping a “persistent” NATO defensive presence in Eastern Europe to make clear to Russia that the alliance is serious about the defense of all of its members, and expressed support for a rapid-response force — expected to be endorsed by NATO allies this week — including land, air, maritime and special forces “that could deploy anywhere in the world at very short notice.”
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On Ukraine, the West Sidesteps a Fraught Term

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BRUSSELS — Whether on the streets of Budapest in 1956, the mountains of Afghanistan in 1979 and again in 2001 or in the swampy forests of Grenada in 1983, invasions have tended to be noisy, unmistakable affairs that screamed their purpose from the start.
After four months of conflict in eastern Ukraine, however, few have chosen to use the “I” word to define the slow-burning war fed by a steady flow of Russian weapons and soldiers across the border.
“I do not want to define it right now, but you can call it what you want,” Chancellor Angela Merkel of Germany told a news conference last weekend in Brussels, where European Union leaders agreed that Russia had increased the “inflows of fighters and weapons” to Ukraine and mounted “aggression” but made no mention of any invasion.
President Obama has been equally circumspect, opting initially for the term “incursion” before denouncing Russia’s “brazen assault” on Ukraine during a speech on Wednesday in Estonia.
Amid mounting evidence that Russia has sent tanks, artillery pieces and troops into eastern Ukraine, such terminological fudges highlight the success of President Vladimir V. Putin of Russia in blurring the conventional boundaries between war and peace.
Western leaders who have avoided the word say terminology does not matter but apparently worry that calling the conflict an invasion would raise pressure for, and on Ukraine’s part the hope of, Western weapons and even military intervention. Declaring it an invasion is also seen as leaving Mr. Putin less room to change course should he want to do so.
Nevertheless, that reluctance also reveals a gulf in perceptions and calculations among Western allies, who gathered on Thursday in Newport, Wales, for a NATO summit meeting focused on how to respond to a conflict whose precise nature the 28 member states still have trouble defining with a common voice.
If one dividing line is clear, those pushing for a stronger response to the Russian whatchamacallit, notably the three Baltic States and Ukraine itself, tend to define the conflict up, while the more cautious define it down.
“We should clearly name what is going on. Aggression is also a good word, but this is clearly an invasion,” the foreign minister of Lithuania, Linus Linkevicius, said in a telephone interview. “There is an illegal presence of foreign troops on a sovereign territory. What else do you call it?”
Mr. Linkevicius said the West needed to avoid being distracted by quarrels over terminology but cautioned, “If you call something less than an invasion, you can feel that you don’t have to react.”
Ukrainians complain that the terminological evasions of the West’s major powers hide a desire to avoid responding robustly to Russian assaults that President Petro O. Poroshenko warned European leaders over the weekend would, if left unchecked, ultimately endanger their own security.
“Of course this is an invasion. If it is not, I don’t know what an invasion is,” said Dmytro Tymchuk, a Ukrainian former military officer who is now director of the Center of Military and Political Research, a research group in Kiev, the Ukrainian capital.
“There is a political schizophrenia in the West,” he added. “Leaders say they understand what is happening, but at the same time they don’t want to burn their bridges with Moscow. They still hope that Putin will come to his senses. This is not going to happen. It is self-deception.”
The latest updates to the current visual survey of the continuing dispute, with maps and satellite imagery showing rebel and military movement.
Moscow, insisting it is a mere bystander in the conflict, denies sending troops or weaponry to Ukraine, a claim few take seriously outside Russia.
What exactly to call what Russia is doing has taken on special force in Washington, where the issue has become part of the larger debate over Mr. Obama’s response and a newfound symbol for Republicans who argue that he has not taken the situation seriously enough. “This is not an incursion,” Senator John McCain of Arizona said on CBS last weekend. “This is an invasion.”
Jen Psaki, the top State Department spokeswoman, said: “In our view it doesn’t matter what we call it. We’re calling it an illegal incursion. We’re saying they’re violating the sovereignty of Ukraine.” Instead, she said, “what we’re going to do about it is more important than what we call it.”
Experts in international law say they are mystified by the wariness of using the word “invasion,” as the term has no special legal significance.
“Invasion is a colloquial term which legally doesn’t carry any connotations one way or the other,” said Harold H. Koh, a Yale University law professor who has served as the State Department legal adviser under Mr. Obama and as an assistant secretary of state under President Bill Clinton.
Sharon Korman, an Australian lawyer and author of “The Right of Conquest: the Acquisition of Territory by Force in International Law and Practice,” agreed but added that it is a “massive term emotionally and politically” that conjures up images of World War II and could presage a possible armed response by the West.
Australia, she noted, has called Russia’s actions an invasion, “but that is because nobody expects Australia to do anything in response.” If America or Germany were to do the same, she added, “this would trigger expectations of a military response” from countries “that have no intention of engaging militarily.”
The word invasion, said Guglielmo Verdirame, professor of international law at King’s College in London, “is not an automatic trigger for obligations for other countries” but has “come to suggest an aim to occupy or annex the territory of another country,” as was the case with the 2003 American invasion of Iraq and the 1979 Soviet invasion of Afghanistan.
He added that while there was a clear case against Russia for violating a prohibition on the “use of force” enshrined in the 1945 United Nations Charter, there was so far scant evidence of any Russian intent to occupy or annex eastern Ukraine, as it did Crimea in March. “You don’t need an invasion to violate international law, just a use of force in breach of the charter.”
Russia, according to NATO and individual leaders like Ms. Merkel, has sharply stepped up its role in Ukraine in recent weeks. NATO last week released satellite images of tanks and artillery positions to corroborate accusations that more than 1,000 Russian forces were actively involved in the Ukrainian fighting.
But Russia has so far shown little desire to actually occupy Ukrainian territory with its own army, preferring to leave this task to its local proxies.
In Novoazovsk, a small town along the coastal road from the Russian border to the industrial port city of Mariupol, a shopkeeper told a reporter that the first troops in the town were clearly Russian, but that within a day they had ceded checkpoint and patrol duties to local men.
With the cease-fire talks getting underway between Moscow and Kiev, the apparent presence of Russian soldiers has instead suggested an effort to force Ukraine to negotiate with the separatists, not a push to occupy ground using Russian regular troops.
This would fit with Mr. Obama’s assertion that Russia has escalated its strategy of bolstering the rebels, rather than crossing a threshold of “invasion.”
Yet in another instance, the Russian military’s actions looked far more like a classic “invasion.” By early last week, the Russian advance with tanks and artillery rolling across the fields had pushed the Ukrainian Army off a 75-mile stretch of highway from Donetsk south to the Sea of Azov, quickly turning the tide of the battle around the city of Donetsk.
If Ms. Merkel, too, has skirted the term, in Europe, particularly Germany, the term invasion is freighted with the historical baggage of World War II, and leaders are deeply reluctant to use a term that draws an implicit parallel between the actions of Mr. Putin and those of Hitler.
The German word for invasion, einmarsch, recalls the Nazi attack on Poland 75 years ago last weekend, when Hitler sent hundreds of thousands of troops east, beginning a catastrophic war that so far bears no comparison to what has been a relatively contained and incremental conflict in Ukraine.
“Of course, everyone gets a knot in their stomachs when the word is invasion,” Stefan Meister, who directs programs on former Soviet bloc lands for the German Council on Foreign Relations, said. Reluctance to use the term, he added, reflected the overall desire, particularly in Germany, to reach a settlement with Russia over Ukraine.
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Донбасс: долгожданное перемирие? - YouTube

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Published on Sep 5, 2014
Протокол о прекращении огня в Донбассе и план мирного урегулирования из подписан в пятницу в Минске на заседании Контактной группы по Украине.

Эту информацию подтвердили в ОБСЕ и в администрации украинского президента.

В состав Контактной группы входят представители Украины, России и ОБСЕ. В переговорах принимали участие также лидеры самопровозглашенных Донецкой и Луганской республик.

Подробности подписанного протокола пока не уточняются. Однако из источников, близких к переговорам, стало и…
ЧИТАТЬ ДАЛЕЕ: http://ru.euronews.com/2014/09/05/ukr...
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NATO summit opens second day with focus on Ukraine and Islamic State - YouTube

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Published on Sep 5, 2014
NATO Secretary General Anders Fogh Rasmussen and British Prime Minister David Cameron opened the second day of talks at the NATO summit, calling for greater unity in the face of growing threats from several parts of the world. Rough Cut (no reporter narration).

Why Do Doctors Commit Suicide?

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NEW HAVEN — TWO weeks ago, two medical residents, in their second month of residency training in different programs, jumped to their deaths in separate incidents in New York City. I did not know them, and cannot presume to speak for them or their circumstances. But I imagine that they had celebrated their medical school graduation this spring just as my friends and I did. I imagine they began their residencies with the same enthusiasm for healing as we did. And I imagine that they experienced fatigue, emotional exhaustion and crippling self-doubt at the beginning of those residencies — I know I did.
The statistics on physician suicide are frightening: Physicians are more than twice as likely to kill themselves as nonphysicians (and female physicians three times more likely than their male counterparts). Some 400 doctors commit suicide every year. Young physicians at the beginning of their training are particularly vulnerable: In a recent study, 9.4 percent of fourth-year medical students and interns — as first-year residents are called — reported having suicidal thoughts in the previous two weeks.
Hospitals and residency programs recognize the toll residency takes on the mental stability and physical health of new doctors. In 2003, work hours were capped at 80 hours a week for all residency training programs. Residents are provided confidential counseling services to help cope with stress. My residency program offers writing workshops and monthly reflection rounds. We have a wellness committee that organizes social events such as bonfires on the beach and visits from therapy dogs.
But despite these efforts, people still fall through the cracks. While acute stress, social isolation, pre-existing mental illness and substance abuse may be obvious factors to consider, we must also ask if there are aspects of medical culture that might push troubled residents beyond their reserves of emotional resilience.
There is a strange machismo that pervades medicine. Doctors, especially fledgling doctors like me, feel pressure to project intellectual, emotional and physical prowess beyond what we truly possess. In his famous essay “Aequanimitas,” Sir William Osler, who founded the first American residency program at Johns Hopkins Hospital in 1889, stressed the importance of equanimity in a physician.
While steadiness in tense situations is an important quality for doctors to have, I believe that the imperturbability that Osler extolled has been misinterpreted to a dangerous degree. We masquerade as strong and untroubled professionals even in our darkest and most self-doubting moments. How, then, are we supposed to identify colleagues in trouble — or admit that we may need help ourselves?
Interns are often bewildered at how rapidly things change for us from May to July. As medical students, while we felt compelled to work hard and excel, our shortfalls were met with reassurances: “It will all come in time.” But as soon as that M.D. is appended to our names in May, our self-expectations skyrocket, as if the conferral of the degree were an enchantment of infallibility. The internal pressure to excel is tremendous: After all, we are real doctors now.
In fact, very little about us changes, apart from our legal ability to prescribe medications. But meanwhile, our workload increases along with the expectations and demands we place on ourselves. Most fourth-year medical students are expected to take care of four patients at a time. But within a month of graduation, without any additional training or practice, we are required to have a comprehensive understanding of up to 10 patients on any given day.
This drastic increase in responsibility can and does overwhelm most interns. Despite the support of my supervisors, my first two months were marked by severe fatigue, numerous clinical errors (that were promptly caught by my supervisors), a constant and haunting fear of hurting my patients and an inescapable sense of inadequacy. I kept up a charade of composure and humor to blend in with my talented colleagues, believing that I was struggling alone. Inside, however, I felt as if I would be found out all too soon.
It was over a dinner of Thai food that I finally opened up. One of my most accomplished colleagues in residency had complimented me on my clinical knowledge a couple of times during the meal. Sick of feeling like a charlatan, I told him about the trouble I was having with collecting clinical data and presenting it in an organized way on rounds. I confessed that I did not think I belonged in the program. He listened thoughtfully, and then uttered the three most beautiful words I had ever heard: “Dude, me too!”
We need to be able to voice these doubts and fears. We need to be able to talk about the sadness of that first death certificate we signed, the mortification at the first incorrect prescription we ordered, the embarrassment of not knowing an answer on rounds that a medical student knew. A medical culture that encourages us to share these vulnerabilities could help us realize that we are not alone and find comfort and increased connection with our peers. It could also make it easier for residents who are at risk to ask for help. And I believe it would make us all better doctors.
Some stoics may invoke Osler’s creed to argue that physicians must push aside our personal burdens to care for the sick. But a tired and depressed doctor who is an island of self-doubt simply isn’t as likely to improve the outcomes of his or her patients — or ever truly care for them.
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Cease-Fire Agreement for Eastern Ukraine Is Reached

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KIEV, Ukraine — Ukrainian government forces and the pro-Russan separatist rebels fighting them in eastern Ukraine will observe a cease-fire starting Friday, negotiators from all sides announced at a news conference in Minsk, Belarus.
However, the strength of the truce was immediately called into question by continued fighting around Mariupol, a port city in southeastern Ukraine.
Speaking from Minsk, negotiators representing the Ukrainian government, the separatists, Russia and the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe said that the cease-fire was due to come into force at 6 p.m. local time.
President Petro O. Poroshenko of Ukraine confirmed in messages posted on Twitter that the there was agreement on a cease-fire protocol.
“The whole world is striving for peace, the whole of Ukraine is striving for peace, including millions of citizens in Donbass,” the posting said, referring to the region that includes the separatist strongholds.
“The highest value is human life, and we must do everything possible to stop the bloodshed and put an end to suffering,” the Twitter posting said.
The announcement had been expected, after both Mr. Poroshenko and President Vladimir V. Putin of Russia said earlier this week that they expected a truce to emerge from the talks in Minsk.
The agreement consisted of 14 points, including the exchange of hostages, according to an initial news bulletin from the Interfax Ukraine news agency before the official announcement from the envoys involved.
Mr. Putin offered an outline for a cease-fire agreement on Wednesday before the talks began, starting with “end active offensive operations” on both sides, that he said he hoped would be accepted by all parties at the talks.
His plan included a call for Ukrainian artillery to pull back out of range of the eastern separatists’ strongholds; an end to airstrikes; an exchange of all captives; the opening of humanitarian corridors for residents of the separatist areas; repairing damaged infrastructure; and deploying international observers to monitor the cease-fire.
Ukraine and many Western observers have accused Russia of backing the rebels with fighters and matériel, and of moving its own troops into Ukrainian territory to support the rebels. Mr. Putin and his government have denied those accusations and insisted that Russia is not a party to the conflict.
Welcoming Mr. Putin’s proposal, Mr. Poroshenko said when the talks began in Minsk that Ukrainian soldiers would observe a cease-fire agreement. Some separatist leaders said they would respect it, but others rejected it. The separatists also demanded that all Ukrainian forces withdraw completely from the disputed area.
The Ukrainian military spokesman, Col. Andriy Lysenko of the National Security and Defense Council, said on Friday that Russian-backed forces were moving tanks, artillery and other heavy equipment toward the village near Mariupol, and that Russia was also beginning to mass troops along the neck of land connecting the rest of Ukraine with the Crimean peninsula, which Russia annexed in March. The colonel said the movements were meant to threaten Mariupol from two sides.
The Russian state-run news agency RIA Novosti quoted unidentified separatist sources as saying that a group of its armored vehicles had entered Mariupol, but Colonel Lysenko denied the report, saying government forces were fully in control of the city.
The renewed violence came as NATO leaders, seeking to counter Russian aggression, approved plans for a rapid-reaction force in Eastern Europe that could mobilize if an alliance country in the region came under attack.
“Should you even think of attacking one ally, you will be facing the whole alliance,” Anders Fogh Rasmussen, NATO’s secretary general, said at the meeting in Newport, Wales, according to The Associated Press. Although Ukraine is not a NATO member, alliance nations in Central and Eastern Europe have expressed alarm at the Russian-backed separatists’ fight for control of regions in eastern Ukraine.
Ukrainian forces have suffered heavy setbacks in the last two weeks, with the separatists breaking out of their isolation in the cities of Donetsk and Luhansk, as well as opening a third front along the strategic southern coast around Mariupol.
There is some fear that the southern front is designed to win Russia a land route to Crimea, which it now lacks. But analysts say they believe that Moscow orchestrated the new offensive mainly to underscore to Mr. Poroshenko, the Ukrainian president, that it will do whatever is needed to ensure that the separatists are not defeated, and thus force him to come to terms.
Although some Ukrainians reject the idea of compromise, the majority are weary of upheaval. The current crisis started with demonstrations in Kiev, the capital, last November that resulted in the overthrow of the Russian-allied government and, eventually, a conflict in the east in which more than 2,600 people have died, by the United Nations’ count.
The political outcome of the conflict was not included in the cease-fire proposals. Russia has been pressing for regional autonomy for the southeastern regions, a status that would allow it to influence events in Kiev. But the Ukrainian government has thus far supported only the idea of decentralization.
With the NATO meeting in Wales largely focused on events in Ukraine, the government in Kiev tried on Friday to spotlight Russia’s direct involvement in fighting in the east. An estimated 2,000 Russian soldiers have died in the fighting, Colonel Lysenko told a briefing in Kiev. He gave no basis nor time frame for that figure, which could not be independently verified. He said a convoy of seven vehicles carrying dead and wounded soldiers had crossed from Ukraine into Russia on Thursday evening.
There has been an outcry in Russia among military families over the lack of information about soldiers fighting in Ukraine. Some Russians have accused the government of resorting to hiding the information much as it did during the wars in Afghanistan and Chechnya. But estimates of those killed and wounded have been far lower than the figure mentioned by Colonel Lysenko.
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Террористы ЛНР и ДНР хотят отделиться вопреки прекращению огня

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Лидер террористов самопровозглашенной ЛНР Игорь Плотницкий заявил, что готовность прекратить огонь не означает смены курса на отделение от Украины. "Это не означает, что курс на отсоединение каким-либо образом изменится", - сказал он. При этом прекращение огня представитель ЛНР назвал "вынужденной мерой, чтобы прекратить кровопролитие".

Порошенко приказал Генштабу прекратить огонь в Донбассе с 18:00

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Начальнику Генштаба ВСУ приказано прекратить огонь в Донбассе с 18:00 5 сентября

Shelling rocks outskirts of Mariupol as talks to end Ukraine conflict due to begin

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KIEV, Ukraine — Heavy shelling rocked the outskirts of a key Ukrainian port city Friday just hours ahead of talks on ending the conflict.
Witnesses reported heavy shelling north and east of Mariupol, a strategic city of about half a million people that lies on the Sea of Azov between Russia to the east and the Russian-annexed Crimean Peninsula to the west.
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