Sunday, October 19, 2014

Ebola Outbreak 2014 - Web Review

Ebola News Updates

10.20.14

Leading scientist warns Ebola is changing to become more contagious

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  • Fears that the deadly virus could mutate and become even more contagious
  • Dr Peter Jahrling says amount of virus in patients is higher than expected
  • The U.S. scientist says new strain of Ebola may burn 'hotter and quicker' 
  • This would mean that the disease would spread more easily 

» Expert Warns of Mutant Ebola Evolving to Spread 'Hotter and Faster'
20/10/14 12:27 from Mike Nova's Shared Newslinks
mikenova shared this story from Breitbart Feed. This story originally appeared at The Daily Mail.   The deadly Ebola virus could be mutating to become even more contagious, a leading U.S scientist has warned. The disease has ki...

» Pentagon Plans Ebola Response Team to Assist US Hospitals - Wall Street Journal
20/10/14 10:35 from Mike Nova's Shared Newslinks
mikenova shared this story from Top Stories - Google News. Pentagon Plans Ebola Response Team to Assist US Hospitals Wall Street Journal WASHINGTON—The Pentagon plans to train a 30-person response team to assist hospitals in the event of...
» Pentagon announces Ebola rapid-response team for US cases of virus - Los Angeles Times
20/10/14 10:29 from Mike Nova's Shared Newslinks
mikenova shared this story from Top Stories - Google News. Pentagon announces Ebola rapid-response team for US cases of virus Los Angeles Times The Pentagon announced Sunday it is putting together a 30-person rapid-response team that cou...
» Ebola fear, monitoring eases for some in Dallas
20/10/14 10:26 from Mike Nova's Shared Newslinks
mikenova shared this story from AP Top Headlines At 9 a.m. EDT. DALLAS (AP) -- Ebola fears began to ease for some Monday as a monitoring period passed for those who had close contact with a victim of the disease and after a cruise ship s...
» Local Reports Suggest Ebola Cases in Liberia may be on the Decline
20/10/14 10:24 from Mike Nova's Shared Newslinks
mikenova shared this story from Voice of America. Could Ebola be on the decline in Liberia, the epicenter of the deadly virus that has killed more than 4,500 people, mostly in West Africa?   Some local reports said fewer bodies are being...
» Ebola Virus Disease Watchlist, Death Toll & Cases in the US: Thomas Eric ... - Latinos Post
20/10/14 10:14 from Mike Nova's Shared Newslinks
mikenova shared this story from Top Stories - Google News. Latinos Post Ebola Virus Disease Watchlist, Death Toll & Cases in the US: Thomas Eric ... Latinos Post DALLAS, TX - OCTOBER 08: People hold candles during a prayer vigil and ...

Ebola Outbreak 2014

Updated on 10.19.14

Ebola Virus Disease

Ebola virus - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Zaire ebolavirus - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Ebola virus disease - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia:

Ebolavirus is classified as a biosafety level 4 agent, as well as a Category A bioterrorism agent by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. It has the potential to be weaponized for use in biological warfare,[140][141] and was investigated by the Biopreparat for such use, but might be difficult to prepare as a weapon of mass destruction because the virus becomes ineffective quickly in open air.[142]
...
In 2004 a Russian scientist died from Ebola after sticking herself with an infected needle.[113]

Ebola virus disease - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
List of Ebola outbreaks - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Global Ebola Crisis Response | Data
WHO | Ebola virus disease
WHO | Unprecedented number of medical staff infected with Ebola
Ebola infections with no symptoms are possible. And they could help fight the West Africa epidemic. - The Washington Post
Ebola virus is surging in places where it was beaten back: experts | CTV News
BBC News - The virus detective who discovered Ebola in 1976
Hunting Down Ebola's Origins: Too Little Too Late? : Animals : Nature World News

Federation of American Scientists :: Ebola Fact Sheet:

Historic Use: Ebola has not been used as a bioweapon; however, bioweapon programs such as the former Soviet Union's may have investigated weaponizing Ebola. Three incidents of research scientists becoming infected after being stuck with Ebola-contaminated syringes have been reported: England, 1976 (recovered); USA, February 2004 (recovered); Russia, May 2004 (died).

ebola - Google Search
ebola virus discovery - Google Search

Ebola in West Africa

Ebola virus epidemic in West Africa - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia:

Dr Peter Piot, the scientist who co-discovered the Ebola virus, has stated that the present outbreak is not following its usual linear patterns as mapped out in previous outbreaks. This time the virus is "hopping" all over the West African epidemic region.[46] Furthermore, past epidemics have occurred in remote regions, but this outbreak has spread to large urban areas, which has increased the number of contacts an infected person may have and made transmission harder to track and break.[20]

Denial in some affected countries has also made containment efforts difficult.[168] Language barriers and the appearance of medical teams in protective suits has sometimes increased fears of the virus.[169] There are reports that some people believe that the disease is caused by sorcery and that doctors are killing patients.[170] In late July, the former Liberian health minister, Peter Coleman, stated that "people don't seem to believe anything the government now says."[53]
Acting on a rumor that the virus was invented to conceal "cannibalistic rituals" (due to medical workers preventing families from viewing the dead), demonstrations were staged outside of the main hospital treating Ebola patients in Kenema, Sierra Leone. The demonstrations were broken up by the police and resulted in the need to use armed guards at the hospital.[171] In Liberia, a mob attacked an Ebola isolation centre, stealing equipment and "freeing" patients while shouting, "There's no Ebola."[172] Red Cross staff were forced to suspend operations in southeast Guinea after they were threatened by a group of men armed with knives.[173] On 18 September in the town of Womey in Guinea, suspicious inhabitants wielding machetes murdered at least eight aid workers and dumped their bodies in a latrine.[174]

2014 Ebola Outbreak in West Africa - Outbreak Distribution Map | Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever | CDC:

Distribution map showing districts and cities reporting suspect cases of Ebola

Ebola Virus Disease in West Africa — The First 9 Months of the Epidemic and Forward Projections — NEJM:

Ebola Cases Time Series.
Ebola Cases Time Series.

The epidemic began in Guinea during December 2013,2 and the World Health Organization (WHO) was officially notified of the rapidly evolving EVD outbreak on March 23, 2014. On August 8, the WHO declared the epidemic to be a “public health emergency of international concern.”3 By mid-September, 9 months after the first case occurred, the numbers of reported cases and deaths were still growing from week to week despite multinational and multisectoral efforts to control the spread of infection.1 The epidemic has now become so large that the three most-affected countries — Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone — face enormous challenges in implementing control measures at the scale required to stop transmission and to provide clinical care for all persons with EVD.

Bushmeat - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia:

Logging concessions operated by companies in African forests have been closely linked to the bushmeat trade. Because they provide roads, trucks and other access to remote forests, they are the primary means for the transportation of hunters and meat between forests and urban centres. Some, including the Congolaise Industrielle du Bois (CIB) in the Republic of Congo, have partnered with governments and international conservation organizations to regulate the bushmeat trade within the concessions where they operate. Numerous solutions are needed; because each country has different circumstances, traditions and laws, no one solution will work in every location.[8]

Ebola Outbreak: Lessons from the Hot Zone:

Scientists suspect that virus spread from central to West Africa via bat migrations some time ago. The virus quietly took up residence in the forest until it spilled over into humans. Peppery bat soup is a popular delicacy in West Africa. The soup may also explain why many locals are immune to the disease.

EbolaMap_600px.jpg

The logging of forests, in turn, increases the likelihood that human and viral communities will collide. (Both HIV and SARS emerged from animals living in disturbed forests.) As humans dig for gold or plant cocoa in these tree-poor landscapes, the chance of coming into contact with ebola's suspected reservoirs, such as bats, chimps and antelope, increases. Healthy and diverse forests tend to keep viruses from spilling over into other populations. Monocultures, however, invite one calamity after another.
A 2012 study in the Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research concluded "extensive deforestation and human activities in the depth of the forests may have promoted direct or indirect contact between humans and a natural reservoir of the virus."
In a more recent paper, Daniel Bausch, an ebola expert at Tulane University, adds that "large hemorrhagic fever virus outbreaks almost invariably occur in areas in which the economy and public health system have been decimated from years of civil conflict or failed development."

Five overlooked reasons behind West Africa’s Ebola outbreak - eldiariony.com:

As Peter Moskowitz of Al Jazeera America explains, “Researchers say this outbreak most likely started with humans being infected with Ebola after eating bats and possibly gorillas. Fruit bats are commonly eaten in stews in West Africa. Some bat populations have reservoirs of Ebola that when transmitted bat to bat do no harm. But the disease presents its deadly symptoms known as Ebola hemorrhagic fever when it’s passed to humans. Human contact with bats is now more likely than ever, thanks to expanding development and deforestation in West Africa.”
...
Reporting for the New York Times, Adam Nossiter states that, “Workers and officials, blamed by panicked populations for spreading the virus, have been threatened with knives, stones and machetes, their vehicles sometimes surrounded by hostile mobs. Log barriers across narrow dirt roads block medical teams from reaching villages where the virus is suspected. Sick and dead villagers, cut off from help, are infecting others.”

How saving West African forests might have prevented the Ebola epidemic | Vital Signs | The Guardian:

All that was needed was to see the danger was a bat’s eye view of the region. Once blanketed with forests, West Africa has been skinned alive over the last decade. Guinea’s rainforests have been reduced by 80%, while Liberia has sold logging rights to over half its forests. Within the next few years Sierra Leone is on track to be completely deforested.
This matters because those forests were habitat for fruit bats, Ebola’s reservoir host. With their homes cut down around them, the bats are concentrating into the remnants of their once-abundant habitat. At the same time, mining has become big business in the region, employing thousands of workers who regularly travel into bat territory to get to the mines.
Deadliest Ebola outbreak being driven by urbanisation - health - 06 August 2014 - New Scientist

Ebola in Liberia

BBC News - Ebola virus: 'Biological war' in Liberia

Liberia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia:


A map of Liberia

Monrovia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Transport in Liberia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Economy of Liberia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
FrontPageAfrica - ‘Spoiling Business’: Economic Effects of Ebola in Liberia
local distribution of ebola cases in liberia - Google Search

Guinea

Ebola in Guinea - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Guinea - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Outbreak: Guinea 2014 (French) | | Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever | CDC:

Distribution map showing districts and cities reporting suspect ceses of Ebola.  Suspected cases were reported in Kissidougou, Gueckedou, Macenta, and Nzerekore

Épidémie de fièvre Ebola en Guinée


Guinea orders ban on eating bat meat as West Africa's first Ebola outbreak spreads to capital - Telegraph
BBC News - Guinea Ebola outbreak: Bat-eating banned to curb virus

Senegal

In Conspicuous Success, Senegal Is Declared Ebola-Free - NYTimes.com
BBC News - Ebola contained in Nigeria, Senegal - US health officials
Senegal Has Beaten Its Ebola Epidemic. Here's How - Mic
ebola senegal - Google Search

Ebola and fruit bats

Ebola: research team says migrating fruit bats responsible for outbreak | World news | The Observer
Why Bats Are Such Good Hosts for Ebola and Other Deadly Diseases | WIRED
Tracking Fruit Bats May Identify Regions at Greatest Risk for Ebola Epidemic
Understanding the bushmeat market: Why do people risk infection from bat meat? -- ScienceDaily
Megabat - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
breadfruit bats - Google Search
breadfruit bats ebola - Google Search
bats population changes west africa - Google Search

Ebola Virus Disease incidents in U.S.

Ebola virus outbreak in the United States - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Thomas Eric Duncan

Thomas Eric Duncan - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Liberian Officials Identify Ebola Victim in Texas as Thomas Eric Duncan - NYTimes.com
Liberia says Dallas Ebola patient lied on exit documents
Thomas Eric Duncan fled Liberian war years before fatal Ebola infection | World news | theguardian.com
Eric Duncan - Google Search
Ebola patient Thomas Eric Duncan's story of love and loss - Yahoo News
Ask the editor: Why we published the op/ed from Thomas Eric Duncan’s family | Dallas Morning News

Ebola and Biological Warfare

History of biological warfare - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Soviet biological weapons program - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Biopreparat - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Russian Scientist Dies in Ebola Accident at Former Weapons Lab - New York Times
ebola marburg - Google Search
Soviet Army used 'rat weapon' during WWII - English pravda.ru
Soviet Army used 'rat weapon' during WWII - Google Search
The Greatest Chemical Weapon?, page 2
ebola bacteriological weapon - Google Search
Biological Shield of Russia - Google Search
The Arms Race Gets Dirty: Russian Scientist Files Patent For New Biological Weapon
Krievs izgudrojis tanku, kas šauj ar kakām - DELFI

Ebola weaponization issues

Why Ebola worries the Defense Department - The Washington Post:

While the public discourse on Ebola has so far been fixated on the public health hazard caused by the disease itself, it may also have awoken an older fear for anti-terror agencies: Could a lethal disease actually be used as a bio-weapon?
...
The fear of Ebola being abused by other states or terrorists is not theoretical: It dates back to the 1970s when the Soviet Union launched a program called VECTOR, aimed at researching biotechnology and virology. Kenneth Alibek, who claims to have worked for the secret biological weapons program of the Soviets, said in a 1998 interview that among his tasks had been "the creation of Ebola and Marburg biological weapons." And while some of his remarks and testimonies before Congress have since been questioned, the fear they raised never really went away.

Weaponized Ebola: Is It Really a Bioterror Threat? - Scientific American

 To be successful, “it would take a state-type [agent]" with more extensive resources, Anthony Fauci, the director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, told a Congressional committee last week.
 
Already there is historical precedent for states trying—and failing—to tap the virus for bioterror. During the Cold War, the Soviet Union was “growing up large amounts of microbes for potential use in bioterrorism. That was known through intelligence,” Fauci told Scientific American. The Soviets attempted to cultivate smallpox, anthrax, tularemia, botulism and hemorrhagic fevers including Ebola, he says. Yet exactly how the country would have deployed the microbes remains an area of speculation. The Soviets eventually dropped the project, but they were not the only ones interested in the microbe’s potential.
...
The second, and perhaps easiest, small-scale bioterrorism option would be to recruit individuals for Ebola suicide missions. Such a plan would hinge on injecting Ebola virus into a limited number of people, who would then need to leave west Africa (or wherever the outbreak may be) before becoming symptomatic. Then those individuals would have to get into a public space and projectile vomit or bleed onto others to infect them. Obviously the plot would need to overcome substantial technical challenges including the extreme weakness that arises from Ebola. If it did succeed, this mode of transmission would not kill thousands of people, but it would set off significant fears.

Can Ebola Be Weaponized? | Survival skills, survival guns, survival guide

Ebola- Biological Weapons:

Ebola as a Biological Weapons Agent

As a biological weapons agent, the Ebola virus is feared for its high case-fatality rate. Because of its rarity, the disease may not be diagnosed corrected at the onset of an outbreak. Reports suggested that the Ebola virus was researched and weaponized by the former Soviet Union's biological weapons program Biopreparat. Dr. Ken Alibek, former the First Deputy Director of Biopreparat, speculated that the Russians had aerosolized the Ebola virus for dissemination as a biological weapon. The Japanese terrorist group Aum Shinrikyo reportedly sent members to Zaire during an outbreak to harvest the virus.

Dr. Anthony Fauci: Ebola Can Be Weaponized:

Recalling that the Soviet Union stockpiled hemorrhagic fevers during the Cold War, a federal health official warned Tuesday the Ebola virus could be similarly wielded as a potential weapon of mass destruction.

"Theoretically, you can manipulate almost any virus to change it in any way you want," National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases director, Anthony Fauci, told a Senate hearing, The Hill reports. 

"The only trouble is, it wouldn't be easy for somebody to do that in their backyard laboratory. They would probably kill themselves doing it. It would take a state-type [actor]."

» Next Phase of the Ebola Crisis: Terrorism Alex Jones' Infowars: There's a war on for your mind!:

The Ebola scare may soon feed into the war on terror narrative.
On Sunday Breitbart covered a report produced by the Customs and Border Protection (CBP) agency stating that an increasing number of people apprehended on the border are infected with the Ebola virus.
“At least 71 individuals from the three nations affected by the current Ebola outbreak have either turned themselves in or been caught attempting to illegally enter the U.S. by U.S. authorities between January 2014 and July 2014,” Breitbart reported.
The report also noted a significant number of illegal immigrants caught crossing the border are from Pakistan, Yemen and Somalia, countries where Islamic terrorists are active.

Leaked CBP Report Shows Entire World Exploiting Open US Border:

LUBBOCK, Texas — A leaked intelligence analysis from the Customs and Border Protection (CBP) reveals the exact numbers of illegal immigrants entering and attempting to enter the U.S. from more than 75 different countries.


Official: Rogue state could weaponize Ebola | TheHill:
A rogue state could turn Ebola into a weapon of mass destruction, a federal health official acknowledged Tuesday.
Anthony Fauci, director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, said it would take a "state-type" actor to successfully weaponize the disease, noting that the Soviet Union stockpiled similar hemorrhagic fevers during the Cold War.  

Ebola in the US: “Disaster Teams Were Notified Months Ago They Would Be Activated in October” | Global Research

USA created Ebola virus as biological weapon? - English pravda.ru:

As one can see, Ebola is a perfect biological weapon: it spreads quickly and gives nearly 100 percent mortality. Those having the life-saving vaccine can dictate any conditions to others.

Ebola Threat Serious - Weaponized Anthrax Resistant To Antibiotics
By Col. Byron Weeks, M.D., Ret.
NewsMax.com

Dr. Weeks served with the U.S. Air Force Medical Corps and was hospital commander at Bitburg Air Force Base. He is a lecturer on infectious diseases and biological warfare. ---
 
A significant problem in dealing with biological attacks is that we may not be aware that we have been subjected to a biological attack until several days or weeks later.
 
There would be no warning until the first deaths had taken place and the medical community had properly ascertained the cause of death.
 
One such biological agent physicians may not recognize and correctly diagnose the first victims as having is Ebola or a related viral hemorrhagic fever (VHF) until the laboratory data begins to accumulate.
 
Ebola breakouts in Africa have been widely reported. But Ebola's use as a bio weapon has not.
 
A small amount of Ebola (variety Marburg) released into the subways of New York, Boston or Washington, D.C., could result in hundreds of thousands of deaths within days.
 
Within the last 25 years, scientists in Russia, Iraq and several other countries have created genetically modified organisms, including plague, anthrax, tularemia and glanders, that are resistant to most antibiotics.
 
The Russian strains of weaponized anthrax are resistant to penicillin and tetracycline, and probably other antibiotics also.
 
Bacteria, viruses and toxins have been modified to enhance virulence and infectivity, paving the way for development of pathogens with resistance to vaccines.
 
Viruses such as Ebola have no known effective treatment at this time, and a vaccine has not been developed.

ebola weaponization - Google Search
NBC warfare - Google Search

Ebola psychological effects

US Ebola Fears Spread Faster Than Virus:

For Americans, Ebola started out as a disease in a far away continent, but then a man from Liberia died from Ebola in a Dallas hospital, and things changed.
Ebola was on American soil. Fears heightened, and they spiked even more when two nurses who treated that Ebola patient contracted the disease.
These new cases have prompted an epidemic of fear. 
Ebola: Viral hysteria, media craze and fear mongering infect the globe — RT News

Ebola related issues

russia west africa trade - Google Search